International Olympic Committee

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) (French: Comite international olympique, CIO) is a Swiss non-profit, non-governmental organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre, Baron de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president. Today its membership consists of 105 active members and 32 honorary members. The IOC organizes the modern Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games, held in Summer and Winter, every four years. The first Summer Olympics organized by the International Olympic Committee were held in Athens, Greece, in 1896; the first Winter Olympics were in Chamonix, France, in 1924. Until 1992, both Summer and Winter Olympics were held in the same year. After that year, however, the IOC shifted the Winter Olympics to the even years between Summer Games, to help space the planning of the two events two years apart from one another, and improve the financial balance of the IOC, which receives greater income on Olympic years. The first Summer Youth Olympics were in Singapore in 2010 and the first Winter Youth Olympics were held in Innsbruck in 2012. Mission and role Further information: Olympic Charter The stated mission of the IOC is to promote Olympism throughout the world and to lead the Olympic Movement.[2] The IOC's role is to:[2] Encourage and support the promotion of ethics and good governance in sport as well as education of youth through sport and to dedicate its efforts to ensuring that, in sport, the spirit of fair play prevails and violence is banned Encour ge and support the organization, development and coordination of sport and sports competitions Ensure the regular celebration of the Olympic Games Cooperate with the competent public or private organizations and authorities in the endeavor to place sport at the service of humanity and thereby to promote peace Take action in order to strengthen the unity, to protect the independence of the Olympic Movement, and to preserve the autonomy of sport; Act against any form of discrimination affecting the Olympic Movement Encourage and support the promotion of women in sport at all levels and in all structures with a view to implementing the principle of equality of men and women Lead the fight against doping in sporting Encourage and support measures protecting the health of athletes Oppose any political or commercial abuse of sport and athletes Encourage and support the efforts of sports organizations and public authorities to provide for the social and professional future of athletes Encourage and support the development of sport for all Encourage and support a responsible concern for environmental issues, to promote sustainable development in sport and to require that the Olympic Games are held accordingly Promote a positive legacy from the Olympic Games to the host cities and host countries Encourage and support initiatives blending sport with culture and education Encourage and support the activities of the International Olympic Academy (IOA) and other institutions which dedicate themselves to Olympic education